Medical art make-up (hereinafter referred to as art make-up) includes eyebrows, eyeliner, lip line, etc., but hair art make-up is an art make-up that is applied to the scalp and looks like hair .
Hair is affected by poor blood circulation in the scalp, ultraviolet rays, and dryness, and as the age increases, each hair tends to become thinner and the number of hairs tends to decrease. This treatment is effective for those who have it, and can make the skin on the head less noticeable .
In addition, hair art make-up is not only a way to deal with such thinning hair, but you can also expect a small face effect by applying art make-up to the hairline of the forehead .
It is important to know the risks / side effects and the differences from other thinning hair treatments in advance in order to obtain the treatment effect that you are satisfied with.
Table of contents
Hair Permanent Makeup is said to have started from a method called SCALP MICRO PIGMENTATION (Scalp Micro Pigmentation, SMP, Medical SMP) that was born in England to cover thin hair.
The SMP technology was developed by Mr. and Mrs. IAN WATSON of HIS Hair Clinic in the United Kingdom, and is a method of making the scalp inconspicuous by injecting dye into the scalp in dots.
Nowadays, the treatment is performed by injecting with a needle in a line like hair instead of dots, and various names such as art hair, hairline permanent makeup, hairline permanent makeup, hair tattoo, scalp permanent makeup, and scalp permanent makeup are used. There is.
One of the characteristics of permanent makeup is that unlike tattoos, the effect is not semi-permanent . Therefore, it can be maintained with a dye formulated according to the hair color at that time according to the change in hair color, so it can be expected to have the effect of making the skin inconspicuous without discomfort.
Hair Permanent Makeup puts dye on the skin, so you can see the changes immediately after the procedure.
If you apply it so that it fills the space between the hairs on the hairline of the forehead, the area of the forehead will appear smaller , giving the impression of a small face. You can expect the effect of making it look like a three-dimensional and rounded frame.
By thinning the hair and making the hairline, streaks, and divisions where the skin is visible, the thinning hair becomes less noticeable. This treatment is also effective for those who want to hide the skin that has become easier to see due to their daily hairstyle and parting habits, and can be expected to be effective for the following symptoms.
|For women with long hair, tying or splitting the hair into left and right hair can pull the hair under the weight of the hair and thin the hairline and splits. This is a symptom called traction alopecia, which is said to be improved by changing the tying position and division, but it can be covered with hair permanent makeup.|
|Androgenetic alopecia (AGA)|
|It is a symptom of thinning hair that is common in adult men after puberty, and most men who suffer from thinning hair are also called AGA. Hair on the forehead and on the crown of the head tends to be thin, and it is thought to be caused by various factors such as heredity, lifestyle, and hormonal balance. It is difficult to improve naturally, and treatment is required to improve.|
|It is a common symptom in women, and it is not partial, such as receding hairline, but it becomes thinner overall due to lower hair density. The cause is thought to be daily hair care, lifestyle, and disordered eating habits, and it is said that it may be improved by reviewing sleep, eating habits, and hair care methods.|
|Even young women suffer from thinness, with the hairline on the left and right sides of the forehead receding from the center. If you apply hair permanent makeup to the hairline on the left and right of the forehead, you can expect a small face effect by reducing the area of the forehead.|
Hair art make-up can be applied to areas where hair has partially or temporarily disappeared, such as surgical scars and alopecia areata, to make the skin less noticeable.
Sideburns may or may not be done, so please check with your medical institution.
|How to put the dye in dots|
|It is also effective for shaved heads with thin hair, and it is a method of adding dye in dots. We will eliminate unevenness by adjusting the thickness of the hair whorls, whorls, and hairline of the forehead so that it does not look unnatural.|
|How to put the dye in a line|
|It is a method of injecting dyes one by one along the flow of hair in a line so that it fits naturally by looking at the hair quality . It is mainly used to cover the hairline of the forehead and the thinning hair of sideburns.|
Depending on the medical institution, there is a specialized institution that does not put it in a line shape but puts it in a dot shape .
The skin is layered from the outside with the epidermis layer, dermis layer, and subcutaneous tissue, and the dye for hair permanent makeup is injected from the epidermis layer of the skin to the upper layer of the dermis layer.
The cells in the epidermal layer move to the upper layer while repeating "division" and "differentiation" that changes into cells with other roles, and then repeat "turnover" that peels off.
The pigment of hair permanent makeup also peels off with old keratin due to the turnover of the epidermis layer, so it gradually becomes thinner . Therefore, the duration of the effect of hair permanent makeup is said to be 1 to 3 years, although there are individual differences, and it is not semi-permanent.
The turnover cycle of the skin / epidermis layer, which is said to be about 28 days, becomes longer with aging, so it can be said that the younger the person, the faster the pigment becomes thinner .
In addition, the oil content of the scalp makes it easier for the pigment to come off , and the duration of the effect tends to be shorter than that of permanent makeup applied to the eyebrows, eyeliner, and lip lines.
Since the pigment is a foreign substance to the body, it acts as a defense for the body to expel the pigment from the wound caused by the needle . Therefore, it will be established by repeating the treatment multiple times.
The number of treatments required depends on your constitution, but it is said to be about 2 to 3 times.
Hair permanent makeup is a procedure in which dye is injected with a needle, so after the procedure, the treated area has redness and inflammation, and then a scab is formed. If you have inflammation or a rash, you will not be able to perform the procedure, so the next procedure to fix the pigment is about one month later .
It is said that once the pigment has settled once in two to three treatments once a month, it will last for about one to three years .
In order to sustain for a long time, it is necessary to perform maintenance called "retouch". It may change after a few months, or it may not fade after 2 to 3 years. It depends on the degree of discoloration, but it is generally recommended to perform maintenance once a year .
In addition, not only the color becomes lighter, but also the color tone may change such as bluish or grayish, so the dye is mixed in consideration of the change in color tone while matching the hair color at the time of treatment, and the gray hair becomes gray. Even in some cases, the treatment is performed by adjusting the color tone.
Hair permanent makeup is a free medical treatment and is not covered by insurance, and the cost varies depending on the medical institution. Point treatments in the range of about 3 ㎠ cost about 30,000 to 60,000 yen each time.
Depending on the medical institution, the fee may be set for each part such as the hairline or the crown, or it may be a set fee for two doses, and the fee setting varies. Also, the retouching fee may be set low.
The procedure is performed with a pen-shaped instrument equipped with a disposable needle, and the work of applying dye to the needle and injecting it is repeated.
There are no dyes approved by the Japanese Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, and many medical institutions use dyes approved by the US FDA (US Food and Drug Administration). The FDA is Japan's Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare.
Dyes used in permanent makeup are artificially made by mixing pigments with glycerin, which is also contained in water and skin care products. The main components of pigments are iron oxide and titanium dioxide, which are recognized by the FDA as cosmetic components, and are also contained in cosmetics such as mascara and eye shadow .
Since iron oxide has different colors depending on the type, various colors can be expressed by changing the composition.
Dyes used for tattoos have metallic components such as iron powder, and electromagnetic waves generated by MRI examinations generate heat at the treatment site, which may cause burns.
On the other hand, the dyes used in hair permanent makeup do not contain the amount of metallic components that cause burns on MRI and have little effect on the test, but if you are worried, MRI test should be performed. Please consult with your doctor.
Hair grows when the "hair matrix cells" that make up the hair divide.
The skin is layered from the outside with the epidermis layer, dermis layer, and subcutaneous tissue, but the spherical "hair bulb" including the hair matrix cells is in the dermis layer of the skin, and dye is injected with hair permanent makeup. It is from the epidermis layer to the upper layer of the dermis layer.
Since hair matrix cells are located in the dermis layer below the subcutaneous tissue, it is said that hair permanent makeup does not damage the hair matrix cells .
Even if hair does not grow temporarily due to alopecia areata, etc., hair art make-up can make the symptoms less noticeable without affecting the growth of the next hair .
In addition, if inflammation affects the function of hair matrix cells in atopic dermatitis, hair may fall out easily. Hair permanent makeup is effective in this case as well, but it is difficult for the pigment to settle and the pigment may fade faster than usual, so please consult a medical institution regarding the frequency of treatment.
Treatments and treatments for thinning hair include hair transplantation, hair thickening by attaching artificial hair to the remaining hair, internal medicine to prevent hair loss, and topical medicine to promote hair growth.
There are two types of hair transplantation : self-hair transplantation and artificial hair transplantation . Self-hair transplantation does not cause rejection, and artificial hair transplantation grows immediately, and each has its own merits. In hair transplantation, hair collected from the back of the head or the temporal region is transplanted together with the cells that grow the hair.
Treatment is performed with the internal medicine "Finasteride" that prevents hair loss and the external medicine "Minoxidil" that prevents hair loss and promotes hair growth. Both are prescription drugs and require outpatient visits and daily use during the treatment period .
Since artificial hair is attached to the natural hair, maintenance of the artificial hair that floats as the natural hair grows is continued. In addition, there is a risk that the burden on each hair will be applied and it will be easy to pull out, but this method has a certain effect and immediate effect.
One of the treatment methods is "Hague therapy" developed based on regenerative medicine. Leads lost hair to regeneration.
It is a treatment that promotes hair growth by working on the cells involved in hair growth, and it is recommended to continue the treatment about 6 times every other month .
Hair Permanent Makeup cannot give you length . In addition, it is not possible to increase the amount of hair or prevent hair loss by making the appearance of thin hair less noticeable and making it look like it is present, rather than by radical treatment .
Since hair permanent makeup injects dye into the skin, it is effective immediately after the treatment and can be said to be an immediate treatment. In addition, the treatment effect appears regardless of the condition of the cells and tissues in which the hair grows .
Hair repeats a growth cycle called the hair cycle.
It is said that the lifespan of hair is 2 to 6 years for men and 4 to 7 years for women, and it eventually falls off after the hair cycle of growth, catagen, and telogen. With AGA, this hair cycle is as short as 0.5 to 1 year.
There is a limit to the cell division of human cells, including hair matrix cells involved in hair growth, and the number of hair cycles is fixed. When the hair cycle is shortened with AGA, the hair cycle is accelerated, and after a fixed number of hair cycles, no new hair grows.
Even if hair thinning treatment such as AGA treatment is performed, it may not be effective if the hair cycle is over and cell division is over .
Hair Permanent Makeup can be used in combination with the treatment of thinning hair, which is unlikely to have immediate effects.
You can also use hair permanent makeup to make the skin less noticeable until the effects of thinning hair treatment appear .
Hair permanent makeup is done by attaching a needle to a special pen-shaped device. Poor management, such as reusing needles that come into direct contact with the skin, increases the risk of infection.
However, the risk of infection can be avoided if the practitioner uses disposable gloves, replaces the needle with a new one for each treatment, disposes of it, and sterilizes the equipment under strict hygiene control. ..
If you have allergies or have atopic dermatitis, perform a patch test before the procedure to make sure that there is no inflammation .
A patch test is a method of injecting a small amount of dye into the area behind the ear that is hidden by the hair to make sure that there are no abnormalities. Some medical institutions offer patch tests free of charge, so if you are worried, please contact the medical institution.
Since it is a needle-injection procedure, redness and swelling may occur after the procedure, but it usually subsides in about a week .
If you have pain, cool and cool, apply ointment as directed by the doctor and stay at rest.
In the treatment, apply anesthesia of the type to be applied, cover it with a wrap, and wait about 30 minutes after the anesthesia is effective.
Each person feels the pain differently, but during the procedure, it may be described as scratching or dull pain.
If you feel strong pain during the procedure, please inform the practitioner as you can add anesthesia .
Swelling and redness may occur after the treatment, but it will subside in about 3 days to 1 week. For one week after the treatment, spend a rest without stimulating the treatment site.
If the pain remains strong, cool it with an ice pack.
In addition, about 3 days after the treatment, the color may appear darker due to the formation of a thin scab, but the color gradually subsides.
Forcibly peeling off the scab or peeling may cause color unevenness or inflammation. Try not to irritate and wait for it to come off naturally.
|3 days after the procedure||・ Swelling, redness, and scabs darken the color|
|1 week later||・ The redness and peeling of the treated area will subside. ・ Follow the instructions of the medical institution such as applying ointment.|
Be careful not to get sunburned just before . Also, alcohol and caffeine may dilate blood vessels and promote bleeding and swelling, so refrain from doing so the day before the procedure .
Counseling will convey your desire for design.
(2) Marking and anesthesia
Mark the heline according to the desired design. After that, apply anesthesia to the treatment site, cover it with a wrap, and leave it for about 30 minutes.
When the anesthesia is effective, apply dye to the needle and carve it. If the pain is strong, it is done with additional anesthesia.
Depending on the medical institution, the dye may be applied to the treatment area and a cream may be applied to help the dye settle.
(4) Wipe off and finish
Wipe off the dye and cream to finish.
The treatment time depends on the treatment range and the treatment site, but it is about 2 to 3 hours. It takes about 1 to 2 hours to retouch the part that contains the pigment once.
On the day of the procedure, the pigment may stain the pillow, so use a towel if you are concerned. Also, for about a week, avoid hats and be careful not to add irritation.
In addition, bathing will start from the next day, and shower bath will be used on that day.
You cannot wash your hair on the day of the procedure because the surfactant contained in the shampoo may thin the pigment. It is recommended to wash the entire hair after 1 week, but after 3 days, you can wash the hair except for the treatment area. If you are worried about the period when you cannot wash your hair, wipe it with a wet tissue.
As blood circulation improves, redness and inflammation occur, so refrain from exercising or drinking alcohol for 2 to 3 days after the procedure .
Please refrain from using it on the treatment site such as hair spray, wax, hair color, etc. for about a week .
In addition to hot springs and pools, we will refrain from beauty treatment salons and saunas for about a week after the procedure .
Hair permanent makeup involves scratching the shallow layer of the skin with a needle and injecting pigment, which causes damage and weakens the resistance to bacteria. Keep the area clean as the pigment may be difficult to settle when inflamed by bacteria .
Also, wait for the scabs and peels that form after the procedure to settle down naturally, and be careful not to give any irritation. This is because if you forcibly remove the scab or peel, the ink will easily bleed .
In addition, after the treatment, you will need to moisturize with an ointment, but excessive moisturizing may cause ink to bleed, so please keep an appropriate amount.
In addition, be careful of UV rays for 2 to 3 weeks after the procedure. If you are exposed to ultraviolet rays for a long time, the skin will be peeled off, and the pigments affected by the ultraviolet rays may be discharged from the outside of the body, causing the pigments to become thinner or bleed .
|Those who are pregnant, may become pregnant, or breastfeeding|
|Hormones can make the skin sensitive and cause skin problems and pain. In addition, the use of anesthesia may affect the foetation.|
|Those with skin diseases, blood diseases, infectious diseases, and keloid constitution|
|Those who may develop keloids with slight scratches cannot be treated.|
|Those with severe metal allergies or other allergies|
|It is necessary to perform patch test before the procedure to confirm that there are no abnormalities.|
|Those who have heart disease / hypertension, diabetes, autoimmune disease, cancer treatment, or who are taking steroids|
|And if you are taking medication, you should get permission from your doctor before applying permanent makeup.|
Permanent makeup is usually aimed at completion with two treatments in consideration of the fixation of pigments. It can be said that the first treatment makes the condition thinner than desired, and the second treatment makes it thicker and unnatural .
Also, when deciding on a pre-treatment design, be sure to convey your hope and image.
In Japan, in 2001, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare issued a notification that "permanent makeup with pigment on the needle tip is a medical practice".
It is obligatory for nurses to perform the procedure under the direction of the doctor. It is a violation of the Medical Practitioners Act to be performed by an unqualified person, so please receive the treatment at a medical institution where infection control and hygiene management are well implemented.