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Differences between Enlighton 3 and other picosecond lasers that can be expected to remove tattoo...

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Differences between Enlighton 3 and other picosecond lasers that can be expected to remove tattoos and improve stains

Enlighton 3 is one of the lasers called picosecond laser, and the treatment with Enlighton 3 can be expected to improve tattoos and permanent makeup, as well as spots and skin quality.

A picosecond laser is a laser that oscillates in a very short unit of pico (1/1 trillion) seconds of irradiation time (pulse width) per laser shot . Due to this difference in pulse width, there is a difference in the effect from the treatment with a Q-switched laser whose pulse width is longer than picoseconds.

However, there are other picosecond laser machines, so in order to have a treatment without regrets, you need to know the characteristics of Enlighton 3 compared to other machines before receiving the treatment.

Features of picosecond lasers including Enlighton 3

enLIGHTenⅢ is a picosecond laser machine from Cutera of the United States, which improves spots and freckles, dull skin, removes pigments from tattoos and permanent makeup, and regenerates heat-stimulated skin cells. It can be expected to have effects such as improving skin quality .

The picosecond laser is a laser with a pulse width of picoseconds.

Enlighton 3 is a laser that oscillates in pico (1/1 trillion) seconds of irradiation time "pulse width" per laser shot.

In addition to picoseconds, there are lasers with the following units for pulse width, and it can be seen that picosecond lasers are lasers with extremely short pulse widths.

Milliseconds (ms) 1 / 1,000s: Long pulse
Microseconds (μs) 1 / 1,000,000s (1 / 1,000,000 second)
Nanoseconds (ns) 1 / 1,000,000,000s (1 billionth of a second)
Picoseconds (ps) 1 / 1,000,000,000,000s (1/1 trillion seconds)

Description of pulse width

A laser that oscillates in picosecond units like Enlighton 3 is called a picosecond laser, and there are multiple types of machines other than Enlighton 3 .

Picosecond lasers are also called "short pulse lasers" because they have a short pulse width, but lasers with nanosecond pulse widths are called "Q switch lasers" and lasers with millisecond units are called "long pulse lasers".

Differences between picosecond lasers and Q-switched lasers

In cosmetological laser treatment, the heat and shock waves generated by irradiating the laser destroy or crush the substance, leading to improvement of skin problems.

Benefits of picosecond lasers due to short pulse width

  • Less risk of post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and burns
  • Mild pain and redness
  • Can be expected to improve even light stains
  • The number of treatments is small

Q-switched lasers with pulse widths in nanoseconds can also be used to treat stains, improve skin quality, and remove tattoos, but in comparison, picosecond lasers are less burdensome to the skin and require fewer treatments. It is said that there is a tendency .

With Q-switched lasers and long pulse lasers, the heat generated is temporarily stored in the substance and then released to the surrounding tissues, which may cause post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and burns, but with picosecond lasers This is because the substance can be crushed by the shock wave before the heat spreads around, so the surrounding cells tend to be less damaged.

The shock wave of the Q-switched laser has high destructive power and peak power, and when aiming at the same object with the picosecond laser and the Q-switched laser, the picosecond laser can crush with a lower output, so post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation and risk, It can be said that the pain and redness are mild .

In addition, it is said that it is difficult to improve stains because the amount of melanin pigment is smaller for lighter stains, but it is said that picosecond laser can crush even small melanin pigments with lighter stains .

In addition, the picosecond laser shatters the object, which accelerates its discharge to the outside of the body .

Treatment effect by Enlighton 3

Differences between Enlighton 3 and previous Enlighton

Enlighton 3 is the third generation model of the Enlighton series following Enlighton 1 and Enlighton SR, and the difference from the previous models is that the types of wavelengths that can be irradiated are increased by one.

The wavelengths of Enlighton 1 and Enlighton SR are 532 nm and 1064 nm, but with the addition of the wavelength of 670 nm created by converting the wavelength of 1064 nm in Enlighton 3, the dyes of "blue" and "green" can also be removed. became. Therefore, it is said that Enlighton 3 can remove tattoos in almost all colors .

532nm
Red / yellow / orange
670nm
Blue green
1064nm
black
Enlighten 3
Enlighten SR ---
Enlighten 1 ---

Laser wavelength

When light such as sunlight is passed through a prism that disperses light, it is dispersed into seven colors (wavelengths), indicating that light is a collection of multiple wavelengths. Lasers are artificially created by extracting one wavelength from light, and each wavelength has a different visible color and the depth to which it reaches the skin.

Since the substances that easily absorb wavelengths differ depending on the wavelength (laser) , the treatment effect will differ when the wavelength changes .

Symptoms that can be expected to improve with Enlighton 3

  • Spots, freckles, dullness
  • ADM (Dermal Melanocytosis), etc.
  • Acne scars
  • Opening of pores, fine wrinkles
  • Skin firmness and loss of elasticity
  • Removal of permanent makeup and permanent makeup (all colors disappear)

In addition to the above, improvement of "chloasma", which is often seen in women in their 30s and 50s, and "post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation", in which pigmentation occurs after inflammation due to acne or scars, may be seen.

Symptoms that can be expected to improve with Enlighton 3 can be broadly divided into the following three types.

Skin problems caused by melanin pigments

The skin is layered from the outside to the epidermis layer, dermis layer, and subcutaneous tissue, but the melanin pigment that causes age spots is present in the epidermis layer or dermis layer.

Enlighton 3 can be expected to be effective not only for spots and freckles caused by the melanin pigment in the epidermis layer, and for the overall dullness of the skin, but also for symptoms such as ADM in which the melanin pigment is present in the dermis layer .

Skin problems caused by weakening of skin cells

In the dermis layer, there are components such as hyaluronic acid, elastin, and collagen that are the source of firmness and elasticity of the skin, and fibroblasts that produce these.

Enlighton 3 can be expected to activate fibroblasts and regenerate capillaries by stimulating laser irradiation, which improves skin firmness and elasticity, and leads to improvement of pore opening, fine wrinkles, and acne scars .

Pigment removal for tattoos and permanent makeup

Enlighton 3 can also remove intentionally added pigment particles such as tattoos and permanent makeup. Originally, the picosecond laser was developed for the purpose of removing tattoos, and it is said that it has since been used for treatments that improve skin quality such as improving spots and restoring elasticity and elasticity.

Those who are suitable for Enlighton 3

  • I want to make tattoos with multiple pigments thinner
  • I want to thin tattoos, age spots and freckles with a small number of treatments
  • I want to thin the stains left by phototherapy or Q-switched laser

Differences between Enlighton 3 and other picosecond laser machines

There are several other picosecond lasers besides the Enlighton 3.

* Ps: Picosecond (1/1 trillion second)
Machine name Company wavelength pulse width
PicoSure Cynosure (USA) 532nm
755nm
1064nm
600ps
550-750ps
PicoWay Syneron Candela (USA) 532nm
1064nm
294ps
339ps
enLIGHTenⅢ Cutera (USA) 532nm
670nm
1064nm
2ns
660ps
750ps
Discovery Pico Quanta (Italy) 532nm
694nm
1064nm
370ps
450ps
SPECTRA PICO Lutronic (Korea) 532nm
595nm
660nm
1064nm
2ns
750ps
PICOCARE WONTECH (Korea) 532nm
660nm
1064nm
450ps

Enlighton 3 can remove tattoos in almost any color

Black is said to react (absorb) at all wavelengths, but for other color tones, it is necessary to select a wavelength that is easily absorbed.

The wavelength of 670 nm of Enlighton 3 is easily absorbed by blue and green, and by having this wavelength, it is possible to remove tattoos of almost all colors.

Enlighton 3 can be expected to reach maximum energy to the pigment

The newly added 670 nm wavelength in Enlighton 3 will illuminate with a pulse width of 660 picoseconds, while 532 nm and 1064 nm can irradiate with a pulse width of 750 picoseconds. Compared to other picosecond laser machines, this has a long pulse width in picosecond units.

In fact, the shorter the pulse width of the laser energy, the higher the destructive power and peak power, but on the other hand, the energy tends to collect on the skin surface. This allows Enlighton 3 to set a relatively long pulse width of 750 picoseconds to reach the dye with as little energy as possible .

Enlighton 3 effectively improves skin problems

Enlighton 3 has two pulse widths

Enlighton 3 is equipped with pulse widths of 2 nanoseconds and 750 picoseconds, which makes it possible to perform efficient treatments.

Picosecond lasers are not good at destroying large objects. Therefore, in the case of spots with many melanin pigments, such as swelling on the surface or dark spots , which take a long time to grind in picoseconds , the melanin pigments are destroyed in nanoseconds, and then the remaining melanin pigments are irradiated in picoseconds. It can be said that the treatment can be performed efficiently by crushing with .

Three irradiation methods of Enlighton 3

With picosecond lasers including Enlighton 3, the treatment is performed by using or combining the three irradiation methods.

Toning irradiation

The average energy density of one shot per unit area of the laser is said to be "fluence", but toning irradiation is a method of irradiating the entire skin with low fluence, and toning irradiation using 1064 nm by Enlighton 3 is "PICO Genesis". It is also said.

By stimulating and discharging melanin pigment with PICO Genesis, you can expect the effect of brightening the skin tone. In addition, when the dermis layer is stimulated, fibroblasts that produce hyaluronic acid, elastin, and collagen are activated. As a result, the texture of the skin will be smoothed, fine wrinkles will be improved, and pores will be tightened.

Fractional irradiation

Fractional irradiation is a method of irradiating the entire skin with an "MLA lens" that can irradiate the laser in dots . Fractional irradiation using 532 nm and 1064 nm by Enlighton 3 is also called "PICO Genesis FX" .

When fractional irradiation is performed, a large number of fine spherical cavities are formed, and the dermis layer can be expected to be reconstructed by the action of wound healing.

Similar to PICO Genesis, the effects that can be aimed at are improvement of texture, fine wrinkles, and pore opening, as well as improvement of crater-like uneven acne scars.

Spot irradiation

Spot irradiation has a higher irradiation output than toning irradiation and fractional irradiation, and it is possible to irradiate with pinpoint on spots and tattoos. Since the output of the laser to irradiate is strong, there is pain like a rubber band during the procedure, so if you are not good at pain, it is safe to check with a medical institution for anesthesia.

Treatment frequency and cost market by Enlighton 3

Treatment frequency with Enlighton 3

For tattoo removal, you need to perform multiple treatments once a month. The number of treatments depends on the condition of the tattoo pigment, so please consult a medical institution. In addition, tattoo pigments may become lighter at intervals, so if you do it once every two to three months, the treatment period will be longer, but the number of treatments may be smaller .

It is recommended to perform multiple treatments once every one to two months for spot treatment and skin quality improvement treatments .

Enlighton 3 Cost Market

Enlighton 3 is a treatment using equipment not approved by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, and it is a free medical treatment and is not covered by insurance. The fee varies depending on the medical institution, and it costs about 20,000 to 30,000 yen per 5 ㎠ for tattoo removal, and about 15,000 to 30,000 yen for all faces for spot treatment and skin quality improvement .

Some medical institutions offer a set fee because the treatment is performed multiple times.

Flow of treatment with Enlighton 3 and precautions after treatment

If there is a strong sunburn on the treatment site, it may be difficult to perform the treatment, so be careful of sunburn before treatment.

(1) Medical examination and counseling

Ask questions about your anxieties and worries and resolve them. In addition, the treatment content is decided by communicating the skin problems and hopes.

(2) Face washing / anesthesia

For facial treatments, cleanse to remove makeup and wash your face to keep your skin clean.

(3) Taking a photo and changing clothes

Some medical institutions take pictures to check the condition of the skin before the procedure. In the case of body treatment, change into a special clothing for the treatment.

(4) Treatment

In order to protect the eyes from laser irradiation, we will irradiate after wearing a shield. The treatment time is about 10 to 20 minutes.

(4) Finish

Cooling the treatment site is the end.

Those who cannot receive Enlighten 3

  • Those with skin cancer or precancerous condition
  • Those who are tanned or who are likely to get tanned after treatment
  • Those who are using steroids
  • Those who are pregnant or may become pregnant Those who are breastfeeding
  • Those with photosensitivity, those who are taking or externally taking drugs that increase photosensitivity
  • Those with keloid constitution
  • Those with a history of epileptic seizures
  • Those with inflammation or scars on the treatment site

Enlighton 3 downtime, risks and side effects

You can take a shower from the day of the procedure, but it may promote swelling and redness, so avoid long baths, saunas, and strenuous exercise for about a week. Since the skin becomes sensitive after the treatment, it is recommended to take proper moisturizing and UV protection.

If you remove the tattoo, you need to apply ointment and protect it with case for about a week.

Redness
Immediately after the procedure, redness may occur on the laser-irradiated area, but it is said that it will subside within 2 to 3 days.
Blistering and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation
If blisters or post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation occur, use ointments or topical whitening agents as directed by the doctor. The blisters become scabs and peel off in about 1 week, and post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation subsides in about 3 to 6 months.
Crust formation
A thin scab may form, but it will come off in 5 to 10 days. If you force it off, it may become post-inflammatory hyperpigmentation, so wait for it to come off naturally.
Petechiae
When fractional irradiation is performed, petechiae may occur for about 2 to 5 days, but it may not be noticeable depending on the makeup method.
pain
There are individual differences in the feeling of pain or the picture, but it is said that there is pain that is repelled by rubber. Some medical institutions provide anesthetic cream and local anesthesia, so if you are worried about pain, please consult with the medical institution.
Depigmentation
Depigmentation may occur due to high output and high frequency irradiation. In this case, improvement can be expected by fractional irradiation.

To receive a satisfactory treatment at Enlighton 3

It is said that caution is required when treating chloasma with a picosecond laser. This is because when liver spots are mixed with senile pigment spots (spots) and strong irradiation hits the liver spots, it may be exacerbated by irritation.

In addition, repeated toning irradiation may cause "white spots" (hakuhan) in which the pigment of the skin is lost, so medical treatment is performed while checking for white spots with an image skin diagnostic machine. It can be said that it is safe if it is an institution.

While picosecond lasers are highly effective, they can cause unnecessary damage to the skin if they are exposed to excessively strong irradiation due to less pain. Therefore , treatment must be performed by a practitioner who understands the characteristics of the machine .

For the treatment with Enlighton 3 , please select a medical institution that has a proven track record of performing the treatment after thoroughly examining the condition of the skin .

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